Plants should be watered until water comes from the bottom of the pot to leach excess fertilizer from the potting mix. Follow the directions below for fertilizing dumb cane plants. A general houseplant fertilizer from spring through early fall keeps the plant growing well. They appear as small flecks and are often not noticeable until leaves yellow and are heavily speckled with the mites. Avoiding overhead watering to keep foliage dry, which helps prevent this problem. Place the stems into a vase of fresh room-temperature water. (or should I say “either”?) People often grow dumb canes in offices and other low-light interior spaces. Dieffenbachia (also known as dumb cane) is a popular houseplant grown for its large, showy leaves. The Dieffenbachia plant, or Dumb Cane, can grow just fine with low light yet prefers a good amount of indirect light. This plant can grow quite large in the right setting (6 to 10 feet tall in its native Brazil, for example), but offers smaller sizes, too. Native to Mexico and the West Indies down to Argentina, dumb cane has become common, classic houseplant. In order to bloom, dieffenbachia houseplants need a lot of bright, indirect light. Even though dieffenbachia care isn’t difficult, it’s definitely important to know the growing requirements in order to keep it alive and thriving. When plants experience a sudden chill and too much humidity a fungal disease known as anthracnose can develop. – can exhibit dry brown spots during the winter caused by the soil staying too dry or too much fertilizer. Oct 20, 2017 - Growing Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane) is easy when you know how. Otherwise, check out my list of pet friendly houseplants instead. You dieffenbachia should be watered regularly, with soil being allowed to dry between waterings. Brown or yellow leaves can be removed from the plant at any time, as can dead or faded flower. Beautiful large dieffenbachia floor plants. Just be sure that each stem has roots before potting them up, otherwise they may not survive on their own. To be sure, simply slide the plant out of the pot and take a look at the roots. Simply add some perlite, pumice, or coarse sand to the potting soil to help with drainage. Also, if there are more roots than soil in the container, or you find that you have to water it constantly to keep it from drooping. Though dumb cane flowers are pretty (and fun to see! Good luck! 2. Well, there’s a reason for that funny name! So keep that in mind as you troubleshoot your plants symptoms…. Well guess what, the dumb cane houseplant (Dieffenbachia) is one of the easiest! Dust the leaves regularly by gently dusting them with a small brush or feather duster. Depending on the method they use, the tips of the leaves may take on a brown hue. But don’t worry, you’ll get the hang of it in no time! And like I said, they will get leggy much faster without adequate lighting. I’ll also show you exactly how to care for a dumb cane plant. Rinse the soil with distilled water to get rid of any unwanted chemicals and salts. Proper watering is a crucial part of dieffenbachia care, and consistent overwatering will definitely kill your plant. A variety of different dumb cane (dieffenbachia) types. My brand new bookÂ Vertical Vegetables is now available for purchase!! While fairly adaptable and easy to care for, dieffenbachia leaves turning yellow is a pretty common complaint. Allow tap water to stand until room temperature. Stop adding fertilizer to the plant for a while. Mealybugs look like white cotton on the plant, and thrips are tiny bugs with arrow shaped black bodies. New leaves will grow just below the place you made the cut. Troubleshooting Common Dieffenbachia Problems. Putting them next to a sunny window where they will get lots of natural light (but no direct sun) is the ideal location for them. Many new gardeners ask “why is my dieffenbachia leaves turning yellow”. The stem will grow new leaves right below the cut. Iâm a passionate gardener who loves growing everything from vegetables, herbs, and flowers to succulents, tropicals, and houseplants - you name, I've grown it! Overwatering is a common problem with many houseplants and the dieffenbachia houseplant is no exception. If it no longer feels damp, then it’s time to water. If you don’t have a bright room to grow your dumb cane, then you could add a small grow light to help keep the plant from growing too leggy. In this section, I’ll answer the most frequently asked questions I get about proper dieffenbachia care. Also called the dumbcane plant, the dieffenbachia is a houseplant that grows up to 6 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Aging. Am I right?! Xanthomonas leaf spot is a bacterial disease that causes dark brown spots surrounded by yellow halos. There are lots of different species and cultivars out there these days, and they are all gorgeous! Brown leaves. Never use chemical pesticides on indoor plant bugs because they can build up a resistance to chemicals, making problem even worse. Just be sure to keep them out of the window so they don’t accidentally get too much sun. How to Care for Dying Indoor Parade Roses. There are some reasons for yellowing leaves such as: If the entire plant is healthy and has a few yellow leaves showing up throughout the years, those are most possibly old leaves. The section above titled “Repotting Dieffenbachia Plants” will give you more details about that. Rather than watering your plant on a set schedule, you should always check the soil to figure out when it needs water. Problems with dieffenbachia plant can be easily overcome in most situations. But, like any houseplant, a dumb cane will definitely benefit from a being fed. On the other hand, if the room is too dark, they’ll quickly grow tall and leggy. I've received hundreds of pictures and questions through my "help @ houseplantjournal.com" email. If you see this happening, refer to the troubleshooting tips below. In fact, repotting a plant just for the sake of aesthetics, or simply because you feel it should be part of your regular dieffenbachia care routine are the wrong reasons. To water your dieffenbachia, give it a good soaking until the water starts to run out of the drainage holes. A soapy water spray is also very good for controlling most types of bugs. They thrive in bright filtered light in spring, summer and fall and bright light in winter. I highly recommend using an organic plant fertilizer rather than chemical ones. If there are several stems growing in the pot, you can separate them to grow new plants. Dieffenbachia is one of the most popular houseplants because it lives for a long time. One good indication that it’s time for repotting your dumb cane is if there are roots coming out of the bottom holes. I also recommend waiting until early spring to repot it, but only if it really needs it. However, if yours constantly has brown leaves, tips, or edges, then try running a humidifier nearby to see if that fixes the problem. It’s very common for dumb canes to get tall and leggy with age, this is their normal growth habit. If your dieffenbachia is experiencing brown leaves, it means you are using too much fertilizer or plant food in its potting soil or in the ground. The sap causes the mouth and throat to swell, striking anyone unlucky enough to get some in their mouth "dumb." Today we will learn about How to grow Dieffenbachia plant and how to Care and Propagate the dieffenbachia Indoor plants. Your email address will not be published. Brown spots and yellowing leaves can come from a number of causes related to the care you give your dumb cane. Dieffenbachia is the scientific name for the plant, and Dumb Cane is the common name. Why Do Philodendrons Make Excellent House Plants? Never use water that has passed through a water softener; it is too salty. Dust can clog up the pores of the leaves and make it difficult for the leaves to function. If you don’t want to mix your own, you can buy an organic insecticidal soap spray. Over-feeding with synthetic fertilizers is a very common problem with dieffenbachia plants, and can lead to brown leaf edges and tips, among other issues. This will allow heavy toxins such as chlorine to evaporate while preventing root shock in younger plants. If you start to notice the leaves are fading or turning brown, then move it farther away from the window. The name comes from the plants toxic sap. This comprehensive guide will show you exactly how to grow dieffenbachia. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees through links to Amazon.com. Plus, you can take the cutting and root it to make a new plant! In this post, I’ll give you lots of information about the plant – including the name, different dieffenbachia types, toxicity, common problems, and FAQs. They won’t tolerate the cold at all though, so be sure to move them back inside before the temperature gets below 60F. Trim off any brown or dead foliage in winter. All kidding aside, overwatering really is the main thing you need to worry about when growing this plant. You only need to worry when you experience excess yellowing or drooping of the upper leaves. Just like any other living plant, dumb canes do require some care in order to grow their best. I like to grow a variety of them, but I especially appreciate the ones that are simple to maintain. Read this detailed plant care guide to learn everything you need to know about caring for them. Both! Here are my tips for how to prune dieffenbachia…. Regular pruning is the only way to keep them compact and bushy. Yes, the dieffenbachia plant is poisonous. The good news is that, no matter which type you have, dieffenbachia care is the same for all! They need the perfect growing conditions in order to flower, and it can be difficult to get it just right in the average home. Yes, but it’s not very common for a dumb cane houseplant to bloom indoors. You can also prune brown leaf tips and edges as necessary, following the natural shape of the leaf. DIEFFENBACHIA PLANT CARE BASICS. These are tiny insects that suck sap from the leaves. Patricia Hamilton Reed has written professionally since 1987. There are a variety of cultivars available, most with variegated white and green, cream and green, or all-green leaves that can be speckled, splotched, or loosely striped. The dumb cane got the name because there is a chemical in the sap that can cause temporary loss of speech if any part of the plant is chewed or eaten. Horticultural oil works great too. During winter months – DO NOT allow the soil to dry out completely and DO NOT fertilize! Instead, they turn brown and remain curled in. Dieffenbachia ‘Camille’ (Camilla) has near-white leaves with dark green edges. Dieffenbachia care may seem a bit overwhelming at first. So how do you know when to repot it then? Allow the soil to dry out a bit between watering, but never let it get completely bone dry. Yes, they love being outside during the summer. Repotting puts a lot of stress on plants, and the transplant shock may end up killing weak or unhealthy plants. Here’s a great list of some of the most common dumb cane varieties. Just put it in a spray bottle and mist the leaves of the plant – they will love the added humidity too! If very little soil is left, or the roots are circling around the bottom of the container, then it’s time to repot it. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The edges of the leaves of a Dieffenbachia plant usually turn brown from too much plant food or too much salt, fluorine, or chlorine in your water. As you’ll see below, almost all problems you’ll have with growing dieffenbachia are caused by either incorrect watering (usually overwatering) or over-fertilizing. The disease is promoted by over-fertilization. They are extremely tolerant of any indoor environment, and are super easy to grow houseplants (heck, they practically take care of themselves).
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